Monthly Archive: December 2012

Modern Age Philosophy

The politics stimulates a thought and a speech that they do not look to be formulated by private seitas of the initiates in sacred mysteries, but that they look for, in contrast, to be public, taught, transmitted, official notices and argued. The idea of a thought that all can communicate and transmit is basic for the philosophy (CHAU, 1999, p.32). All these economic factors, politicians, social and cultural had changed the mentality of that people, that more does not attribute as much power to the word of the myth, to the word of deuses, and starts to value the word human being, the power of the argument. The first philosophers, the daily pay-socrticos appear there, for return of sc. VI B.C., and searched answers on the bedding of the things, the principle, the element that constitutes all the things.

The philosophers break with the dogmatismo of myths when its answers divergem between itself, of form to show diverse possible explanations. The Philosophy breaches with the mythical thought how much to the way as knowing it is received. While the myth is a narrative whose content is not questioned, the philosophy problematiza … While in the myth the inteligibilidade is given, in the philosophy it is looked. The philosophy rejects the supernatural one, the interference of agent the holy ghosts in the explanation of the phenomena … searchs the coherence, the rigorous definition of the concepts, the debate and the quarrel internal, is organized in doctrines and appears, therefore, as abstract thought (SPIDER; MARTINS, 1993, p.67). The philosopher can itself be noticed that, in Old Greece, for dominating the thought rational, he is who also dominates knowing scientific, forming a link between the philosophy and the science that is only gotten rid in the Modern Age, when in sc. XVII, Galileu initiates a metodolgica revolution that it aims at to separate to philosophy and science.

The Ideals

For this bias, Faustino (2003, P. 120) assevera so that ‘ ‘ if the reader does not annoy, in surplus, with the aluses mitolgicas’ ‘ , therefore widely they are used and a deep one of inspiration for the poet. It measures this mstico, constituent trace of the retaken one of the Greek models, something that admired the neoclssicos ones was the rationality Greek. Thus, the Greeks would be the people of the light, of the unit between substance and spirit, sensitivity and intellect, nature and human being; they would be the people of the pure rational objetividade, the organic and perfect relation between form and content; they would be the people of simplicity rational, capable to discover and to operate with a small one number of rational, systematic and universal principles that would be the totality of the Real (the things, the plants, the animals, the men, the astros and deuses). (CHAUI, 2002, P.

26) Atrelada to the cult of the rationality Greek was the factor of that the neoclssicos had in its disposal the ideals of the Iluminismo, historical moment that brought a new paradigm for the intellectual activity. This meant the valuation of the rationality human being as last source of the action on the world, intervening with its reality for intermediary of the intelectiva activity. As for the art, Bueno (apud Duarte, 2011, P. 45-46) it says that the severity, all the rhythm of the history of the art follows a pendular movement more enters a more rational trend, contained, more cold, and another one of bigger desbordamento, excess, use of the irrational, that is, all the forms of classicismo of a side, of the other the Baroque one, the Romantismo, the Surrealismo, and so on.


The changes of handling or exploration of the environment are not only in itself producing of new social relations e, therefore of social spaces, the ideology and the factor politician represent important paper in the formularization of these new environments. (SAINTS, C. 1997). The Units of Conservation while territories must represent important paper in the construction of a new learning of the relation man/half following a conducting wire of the experimentation for the valuation of the way, this valuation must be constructed by the perception and the concepts acquired in an educational process. The metodolgicos aspects of ambient perception tranfer for a search for the space experimentation of a person and after the group, a search of the directions, the meaning that if of to the space becoming it the place. The settling of the catarinense coast that more recently suffered the impositions from the environment that was constituted of unknown ecossistmicos aspects of the aorianos and Europeans in a general way, and in the destitution of the cultural traditions, and mainly in the malfadados projects of modernization of the field.

They now face the biocntrico impetus of the constitution of protecting spaces integrally in places has explored centuries, without consulting and clarifying the communities, that is, without its participation in projects of protection to the environment. To observe the contours of the convivncia with the way to a large extent consists of a etnogrfico work of impressions of the experimentation human being. Easily the human phenomenon of the experimentation is neglected and if they tie only to the work that marks the landscape. This action human being on the nature, the work, seems to comfort, perhaps in consequence of a economicista vision or a thought occidental person who permeia the constructions human beings and not really the man (TUAN, 1980). She is necessary to know of the places, but also as if of the direction to the place.

National Security

If the police, legal and illegal violence, was systematic and used against enemies and critics of the regimen in extreme cases and situations in which the generals in the power felt themselves threatened particularly, the monitoring on the civil society and the information were constant. The obsession for monitoring as form to prevent the performance ' ' subversiva' ' , over all in what the manuals of the Doctrine of National Security called ' ' propaganda subversiva' ' ' ' war psicolgica' ' against the democratic and Christian institutions: ' ' in a military dictatorship, guided for the Doctrine of National Security, to arise itself in weapons against the regimen it constitutes a crime gravssimo' ' (CHIAVENATO. 1994:118), finishing for generating a logic of the suspicion. I consider that although the dogmatismo, reflecting the marxism and the moral rules of the PC of the B, ' ' The press alternativa' ' , mainly the alternative periodicals politicians, had perceived the perigos presumptions of the increasing Brazilian indebtedness, still in 1973, (the Guerrilla of the Araguaia already was fought), offering a chance so that the aggravation of the social iniquities, that in the region of the Araguaia was so visible and sensible, was divulged. More than two decades of military governments had only accented these trends. In the combat to ' ' subverso' ' on behalf of ' ' security nacional' ' the military regimen curtailed the liberty of speech, kept the press under formal censorship during seven years, 13 pursued and assassinated journalists. The Guerrilla of the Araguaia was marked by the gag of the censorship of the Military dictatorship that feared, in case that it were divulged by the medias, the adhesion to that they opposed in the city that regimen of exception commanded for the military, becoming hegemonic the imposition of ' ' silncio' ' regarding the conflict.