German Electoral System

We vote to parties on the one hand, and on the other hand, the candidates of constituencies. It is based on the Hare-Niemeyer system, which determines the number of seats in each formation through a complex calculation. The German Constitutional Court ruled insconstitucional part of the electoral law on the grounds that it distorts the intention to vote. The German electoral system mentioned this Saturday by the Socialist candidate Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba as an alternative to that currently governs in Spain, is based on a mixed model consisting of two votes, one to parties and other direct candidates of constituencies. The constituencies are one-to-one, so that the candidate who obtains the simple majority of votes in his constituency, get a parliamentary seat.

These direct candidates make up half of the parliamentary seats, regardless of the outcome of their respective parties. The second vote, a party, decides on the proportional composition in Parliament, following the system Hare-Niemeyer which determines through a complex calculation, the number of seats in each training model. However, the system is not as simple as it seems, because in their effort to achieve the most perfect possible democratic mechanism, parents of the electoral law introduced a series of complicated features which have led to many controversies. In all the elections produced a series of additional mandates, which occur when a party achieves more direct mandates that would correspond by their percentage in the proportional vote. In that case, the party in question can get additional seats, which makes the number of seats in the Bundestag to vary. The problem arises because the main benefit of these additional seats tend to be the two main political forces, which puts at a disadvantage to smaller formations. In 2008, the Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional this part of electoral German law, on the grounds that it distorts the intention to vote. The Court gave lawmakers until this year to remedy this problem, something which still has not occurred. Source of the news: the German electoral system which like Rubalcaba, a complex with two types of voting model