In social and political circles and mass media in Afghanistan, as well as abroad, actively discusses the theme of reconciliation with the country's leadership of the armed opposition. Recently, President Hamid Karzai visited Saudi Arabia to discuss the mediation of Riyadh process of dialogue with the Taliban. The Saudis interpreted the move as "logical, opening the door to real negotiations with the opponents of the current Afghan administration." It was emphasized that the movement of "Taliban" should abandon ties to terrorists and O. harboring Bin Laden. In Kabul, seriously counting on Saudi Arabia and Pakistan as the most influential states that could push the opposition to change its conditions for reconciliation. In his all, Washington is ready to support the process of restoring peace and stability only when the refusal of rebel links with "Al-Qaeda," complete disarmament and the recognition of the Afghan Constitution.
Americans give the right understand that the presence of the international community in Afghanistan will last a long time, and the decision on the withdrawal of foreign forces from that country remain the prerogative of the Afghan people. In Afghanistan itself, is initiated performance of the tribes to support the negotiations with the opposition. The government of Hamid Karzai hopes that the reconciliation plan will be developed and taken to the "peace jirga" in a few months, and it still is only about peace with the militants of the lower and middle levels. Many foreign countries are willing to assist reconciliation program, but there are differences in approach to action in this direction. In particular, a number of countries, including Australia, Britain and Japan, agreed to invest in the reconciliation process, while New Zealanders prefer to concentrate on reconstruction projects, and Canadians in general have expressed doubt in feasibility of sponsoring the militants laid down their weapons at the expense of ordinary citizens, not engaged in armed resistance. India, among other conditions, requires the condemnation of the Taliban ideology and political practice extremism. At the same time, the movement itself "Taliban" while giving a very simple answer to the attempts at reconciliation – in January, which has become the most "bloody" month to stay in Afghanistan of foreign troops, their hands were killed 44 troops, of which 30 Americans.